Albert Einstein biography, he was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, His family moved to Munich after six weeks, where he later enrolled in the Luitpold Gymnasium, after the family moved to Italy, Albert continued his education in Aarau, Switzerland, he then enrolled in Zurich’s Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in 1896 to pursue a degree in mathematics and physics education.
When he was unable to find job as a teacher after receiving his diploma in 1901, the year he became a Swiss citizen, he consented to work as a technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office, he earned his doctorate in 1905.
He created a large portion of his extraordinary work while working at the Patent Office and in his own time, and in 1908 he was named Privatdozent in Berne, he was appointed Professor Extraordinary in Zurich in 1909, Professor of Theoretical Physics in Prague in 1911, and Professor Extraordinary in Zurich again in 1912 to hold the same position.
He was appointed Professor at the University of Berlin and Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute in 1914, he acquired German citizenship in 1914 and resided in Berlin until 1933, when he left for America to accept a position as a professor of theoretical physics at Princeton, at that time, he had renounced his citizenship for political reasons, in 1940, he became a citizen of the United States, and he left his position in 2019.
After the war, Einstein was a key player in the World Government Movement, turned down the invitation to lead the State of Israel, and worked with Dr. Chaim Weizmann to found the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Einstein always seemed to have a distinct understanding of the physics’ issues and the motivation to fix them, he had his own plan of attack and could see the major steps necessary to reach his objective, he saw his greatest accomplishments as little more than stepping stones to the next development.
Early in his scientific career, Einstein became aware of the limitations of Newtonian physics, and his special theory of relativity developed out of an effort to harmonize the physical principles of mechanics with the electromagnetic field, he dealt with conventional statistical mechanics difficulties as well as situations where those problems were combined with quantum theory, which provided an explanation for the Brownian motion of molecules, with a low radiation density, he studied the thermal characteristics of light, and his findings formed the basis of the photon theory of light.
In 1916, Einstein published his paper on the general theory of relativity. In his early years in Berlin, he had hypothesized that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also provide a theory of gravitation. He also made contributions to the issues with statistical mechanics and radiation theory during this time.
Although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory and persisted with this work in America, Einstein started developing unified field theories in the 1920s. By creating the quantum theory of a monatomic gas, he made a contribution to statistical mechanics. He has also done important work in relation to atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology.
After he retired, he continued to work toward the unification of fundamental physics ideas, employing a different strategy than most physicists—geometrisation.
Of course, the results of Einstein’s research are well documented, and some of his most significant publications are Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1950). (1938). The most significant of his non-scientific writings are likely About Zionism (1930), Why War? (1933), My Philosophy (1934), and Out of My Later Years (1950).
Many universities in Europe and America awarded Albert Einstein honorary doctorates in science, medicine, and philosophy. He delivered lectures across Europe, America, and the Far East in the 1920s, and he received memberships or fellowships from all of the top scientific academies on a global scale. He received many honors for his contributions, including the Franklin Medal from the Franklin Institute in 1935 and the Copley Medal from the Royal Society of London in 1925.
Because of his abilities, Einstein lived much of his life in intellectual seclusion, and music played a significant role in his life as a kind of relaxation. After his 1903 marriage to Mileva Maric ended in divorce in 1919, he married his cousin Elsa Löwenthal, who passed away in 1936, the couple had a daughter and two boys, he passed away in Princeton, New Jersey, on April 18, 1955.
|Born||14 March 1879|
|Place of Birth||Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany|
|Died||18 April 1955|
|Place of Death||Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.|
|Education||Federal polytechnic school in Zurich, University of Zurich (PhD)|
|Spouse(s)||Mileva Maric (m. 1903; div. 1919)
Elsa Lowenthal (m. 1919, died in 1936)
Hans Albert Einstein
|Awards And Honours||Copley Medal (1925), Nobel Prize (1921)|
|Subjects of Study||Brownian motion, gravitational wave, light, photon unified field theory|
|Known for||General relativity
E=mc2 (Mass–energy equivalence)
Theory of Brownian motion
Einstein field equations
Unified field theory
List of other concepts
He was born to a middle-class, secular Jewish family on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Pauline Koch was his mother and Hermann Einstein was his father. His father was a featherbed salesman who later had some success running an electrochemical business.
Maria was the only sister of Albert Einstein. His family relocated to Munich, and he began attending the Luitpold Gymnasium there. His parents later relocated to Italy, where he finished high school in Arau, Switzerland, in 1896, he enrolled at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich.
He received his physics and math teacher training there. Albert received his diploma and became a citizen of Switzerland in 1901. He turned down the teaching position at the time and instead accepted a job as a technical assistant at the Swiss Patent Office. He graduated from medical school in 1905.
Two wonders had a significant impact on Albert Einstein in his formative years, according to his writing. The compass was the first thing he ran into, he was five years old at the time, he couldn’t understand how the needle might be deflected by invisible forces, the second time was when, at the age of twelve, he came across a geometry book and dubbed it his “holy little geometry book.”